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欧洲十国游记 六 奥地利 维也纳 新年音乐会

(首发老丈人的游记)

这种一两天就游完一个国家的游法,走到奥地利时,也就只能看看他的首都维也纳啦。在那里,主要看到的是莱茵河,美泉宫花园,斯特凡大教堂,维也纳大学等名胜古迹。值得一提的是萨尔斯堡又名盐城,莫扎特的出生地,《音乐之声》电影的拍摄地。

看了《音乐之声》这部电影,看到了美丽的多瑙河,听到了美妙的音乐,才知道维也纳是音乐之都,是音乐殿堂。维也纳似乎是一切生活情调的源泉,保存完好的老城区中遍布优美的巴洛克式建筑、文艺复兴建筑和洛可可式建筑,无论从任何角度看过去都有不同意境,动人的音乐无时无刻不在空中萦绕飘荡,飘过美泉宫、飘过金色大厅、飘过多瑙河。

美泉宫位于维也纳西北部,是哈布斯堡王朝的夏季行宫,也是维也纳最漂亮的宫殿,希茜公主就曾经住在那里。希茜公主那部电影也是在此拍摄完成的。

举行维也纳新年音乐会的“金色大厅”曾令全世界多少音乐爱好者神往,也正是“金色大厅”孕育了维也纳爱乐之声。说起来,这座大厅也有一百几十年的历史了。我们当时也只是在金色大厅的外面看上一看而已。据说,它的声音流动性特别好。在这里,弦乐器与木管乐器、木管乐器与铜管乐器的平衡达到了巧妙无比的境界。也正因如此,每年一度的新年音乐会才带给全世界音乐爱好者难以忘怀的视听享受。

在萨尔斯堡也曾看到莫扎特的雕像,不尽是我联想起奥地利的三位伟大音乐家。他们是莫扎特( 1756-1791),舒柏特 (1797-1828)和小约翰·施特劳斯(1825-1899)。莫扎特是公认的音乐神童,据说6岁就开始作曲。这音乐不过有1,2,3,4,5,6,7以及几个高8 度低8度的音符,怎么会组合成那么多欢快的,严肃的,美妙的,悲伤的,大气磅礴的,优雅细腻的曲调和旋律?是天才的神来之笔,还是后天的勤奋之举?舒柏特也是和莫扎特、贝多芬并列的音乐大师。他虽然英年早逝,只活了31岁,但却给后人留下了大量的音乐财富,尤以歌曲著称,被称为“歌曲之王”。今年的11月19日是他逝世180周年。至于小约翰·施特劳斯是老约翰·施特劳斯的儿子,奥地利著名的轻音乐作曲家。其创作以《蓝色的多瑙河》、《维也纳森林的故事》、《艺术家的生活》、《春之声》等一百二十余首维也纳圆舞曲著称,被后人冠以“圆舞曲之王”的头衔。他还作有《雷鸣电闪》等一百二十多首源自捷克的波尔卡舞曲及几十首其他舞曲。这些是每年维也纳新年音乐会的主要曲目。

说到这里有想发一点感慨。不知道大家注意到没有,每年的维也纳新年音乐会向全世界同时播放。我们这些年几乎每年都看中央电视台的转播,西洋人西洋乐器奏出来的交响乐音律的精准,谐音的美妙,自不必说。单说那转播的工作人员按着音乐节奏进行的状态,即及时地对准音乐中突出的乐器部分,配合的那种默契,真使人感到人家的那才叫高素质。反过来看看我们国内的一些交响乐转播,乐器赶不上人家的,那情有可原,因为毕竟是洋玩意儿。说的是我们的工作人员镜头和音乐突出部分的衔接或转接,到位吗?为什么?再一次说到人的素质问题,不知道哪一天能认识到还是能解决好。

我有一个心愿,就是有生之年,能和老伴一起坐在那个金色大厅里听一场新年音乐会,就像我的老师王重托院士和老伴曾坐在那里那样,此生足矣。

如果说上面游记所讨论的话题难免庄严,沉重了些,那么下面的交流就让我们说些愉悦,欢快的话题。

Posted:
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November 1, 2008in:
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