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欧洲十国游记 七 意大利 威尼斯 罗马

(首发老丈人的游记)
说到意大利,总感到那是一个艺术的国度。一个原因就是文艺复兴。

14至16世纪的“文艺复兴运动”也是文化大发展的时期:伟大的绘画雕塑家和建筑家米开朗琪罗·博纳罗蒂 (Michelangelo Buonarroti)为梵蒂冈的西斯廷做壁画,成为罗马的宝库之一;莱奥纳多·达芬奇 (Leonardo da Vinci) 为米兰的圣玛利亚教堂画了“最后的晚餐”。无论是“最后的晚餐”还是西斯廷,都被教科文组织宣布为人类文化遗产。文艺复兴还是伟大的科学和发现时代:加利莱奥·伽利略 (Galileo Galilei) 努力宣传哥白尼的地球围绕太阳旋转的地心说理论,而达芬奇则设计发明了一些史无前例的东西,航海家克里斯托福罗·哥伦布 (Cristoforo Colombo) 则受西班牙女王之命,启程前往东方 (东亚和南亚),却发现了新的大陆——美洲 (1492)。

还有就是意大利人很早就和我们中国有了联系,甚至为中国的历史做出过贡献。

马可波罗 (Marco Polo)(1254年生于威尼斯-1324年卒于威尼斯)。威尼斯商人和旅行家,1274年到过忽必烈汗的宫廷元大都,并作为颇受赏识的使者和官员,留下来为大汗效力17年。回到意大利后,讲述了自己的经历,被写成后来著名的“马可波罗游记”一书,为在西方宣传一个幅员辽阔、强大而富饶的中国做出了贡献。

利马窦 (Matteo Ricci) (1552年生于马切拉塔-1610年卒于北京)。对于中国人,他是利马窦,这位杰出的科学家和神学家很好地学习了中国的语言、文学传统和风俗习惯。他先后在广东、南京和北京居住过, 使人们了解了经典作品,特别是欧几里得 (Euclide)的作品,通过儒家文化宣传基督教义, 得到万历皇帝的保护, 甚至得到被允许住在紫禁城里的特殊待遇。他作为朝廷命官在明朝宫廷生活了10年。他的一些作品被选入中国各代杰作,由乾隆皇帝在其逝世两百年后发行。他去世后,中国的皇帝允许将他埋在中国的土地上,使他成为得到如此特殊待遇的第一个外国人。他的坟墓就在北京市委党校的院子里。

朗士宁 (Giuseppe Gastiglione) (1688年生于米兰 -1766年卒于北京)。意大利画家,1715年来到中国,被清政府任命为宫廷画家。最近中国为他拍摄了-部电视剧,题目就是”宫廷画家朗士宁”。

在意大利旅游,心情会感到格外的放松和愉快。因为到处充满了艺术气质,建筑混合着罗马式,哥特式,巴罗克式或洛可可的风格或格调,肯定使你大饱眼福。无论是在水城威尼斯的圣马可大广场可以和成千上万的和平鸽亲密接触,坐坐小船“贡都拉”在楼与楼之间穿梭往来一回,还是在罗马,佛罗伦萨去看那些有名的大教堂或文艺复兴的艺术精品,以及罗马城里的“国中之国”梵蒂冈,都是很惬意,也很长知识的事情。

Posted:
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Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/travels/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 28
November 1, 2008in:
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